Atlanta’s History

Atlanta was incorporated in 1847 making it a city and then during the Civil War, it became a major target for the Union army. In 1864, the city burned down because of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, thus in the famed Gone with the Wind, it was portrayed and surprisingly Atlanta recovered in a few years.

It continued to be strong and then Atlanta won the right to host the 1996 Olympics, which led to much recognition for the city. The Atlanta population has reached 4.7 million as it has become an ever more popular place to live and play and work.

Many Newspaper owners, bankers, politicians and city leaders, Industrial giants who based themselves here, included Coca-Cola, who were called “boosters” gave gifts to help establish the city since it was labeled as the “New South”.

The City of Atlanta convinced the world of its prosperity and also visionaries like CNN founder Ted Turner and ex-mayor Andrew Young worked very hard to make the city even better.

Before Europeans settled in the northern part of Georgia, the area was primarily inhabited by the Cherokee and the Creek Indians. A Creek village, known as Standing Peachtree, was the closest Indian settlement to what is now modern-day Atlanta.

Atlanta GA history began when the Europeans settled in the region in the early 1920’s after native Indian groups were systematically removed from their homeland between  1802 and 1925.

The general assembly in Georgia voted to build the Western and Atlantic Railroad to link the port of Savannah to the Midwest in 1836. The “zero milepost marker” was placed at the current location of Five Points in Atlanta. The settlement around this post was first known as Terminus and later as Thrasherville and then Marthasville.

The name “Atlanta” was adopted on December 29, 1847, and by 1860 the town’s population had grown to 9,554. The city soon became a hub for the transportation of military supplies during the Civil War. Several major battles took place in the area, including the Battle of Atlanta, which was sieged by the Union Army that lasted four months.

After much of the city was burned in the war, Atlanta was rebuilt and surpassed Savannah as the state’s largest city. Colleges began being built in the area, which also emerged as the center for black commerce.

The state capital was moved from Milledgeville, Georgia to Atlanta because of the unmatched transportation network there.

In 1917, the Great Atlanta Fire destroyed nearly 2,000 buildings in today’s Old Fourth Ward, resulting in injury, death, and displacement. Racial tensions ensued with race riots and homicides in the early 1900s.

In the history of Atlanta GA, the city played a huge role in the Allied effort during World War II and in Martin Luther King Jr.’s Civil Rights Movement. Slowly, the desegregation movement came to the city of Atlanta starting with public transportation and ending with the public schools.

Atlanta became a household name around the world when the 1996 Summer Olympic Games were hosted there. After the Olympics, Atlanta underwent a huge transition, physically, demographically, and culturally. The economy boomed, suburbs sprung up, and people from diverse backgrounds began moving in.

Atlanta gained more White, Asian, and Hispanic residents, while Black residents moved elsewhere in the 2000s. In the late 2000’s, Atlanta demolished nearly all of its low-income housing projects, and art museums flourished like never before.

Today, the city of Atlanta is an international city that’s growing and improving each and every day.

Today the City of Atlanta continues to improve on what it has. Always adding to its glitz and glamour, making better things happen and becoming even more visited as the years pass. This is a town that many love no matter what part of the world they are from. It is impressive from what it came from and what it continues to be and will be.